Tuesday, November 1, 2016

Microsoft Graph vs Office Graph

Microsoft introduced Office Graph a couple of months back which uses machine learning techniques to connect people to the relevant content, conversations and other people around them in Microsoft Cloud (Office 365). Now Microsoft recently introduced Microsoft Graph, which is a unified API endpoint, for accessing data, intelligence, and insights in the Microsoft cloud...and everybody is now confused :o). In this post I will try to explain the difference.

What is Graph?
According to wikipedia graph also known as social graph is described as:
The social graph in the Internet context is a graph that depicts personal relations of internet users. In short, it is model or representation of a social network, where the word graph has been taken from graph theory to emphasize that rigorous mathematical analysis will be applied as opposed to the relational representation in a social network.

Which means that how a person on internet is related or linked to another person and/or object(like document, image etc).This term was popularized by Facebook...for obvious reasons :o).

Office Graph:
The Office Graph uses machine learning algorithms to learn how a Office 365 user is connected to other users, content(documents etc) and conversations in a tenant and create a graph based on it in order to make suggestions.

If you go to Delve, the yellow section shows the information generated automatically based on Office Graph:

If we disable office graph by going into the SharePoint settings:
then Delve will not show the information generated by the office graph, it will only show basic about me information:

Microsoft Graph:
Microsoft Graph is an API with a single end point to access data, intelligence and insights from Microsoft Cloud (Office 365).

Let's understand it by an example, imagine a scenario where an app has to access a user's email attachment, upload it to SharePoint and then notify user's manager. Now that app needs to get authenticated first and then go to Outlook to grab emails and then go to SharePoint to upload files, which means dev have to have to work with three different set of APIs (Active Directory, Outlook and SharePoint). To overcome such scenarios Microsoft has introduced one API (Graph API) to talk to all Office 365 products. Microsoft Graph API is one API to rule them all.

Access Office Graph via MS Graph: Microsoft Graph API does not depend on Office Graph. However it can provides more functionality when Office Graph is enabled e.g. trends and related people etc. Click here to learn more.

Note: For SharePoint developers: MS Graph API is not here to kill CSOM and SharePoint REST API.

MS Graph API calls can be tested before writing the app with Graph Explorer: https://graph.microsoft.io/en-us/graph-explorer

Ref: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_graph
Ref: https://dev.office.com/officegraph
Ref: https://graph.microsoft.io

Tuesday, October 25, 2016

Office365 Subsite Logo Redirection

Sub-site logo points to the sub-site's home page by default...and the requirement is to point it to the top level site's.

We can not change Master Page in Office365/SharePoint Online site so we need to embed/inject the following JavaScript:

<script type="text/javascript" src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.7.2/jquery.min.js"></script>

<script language="javascript" type="text/javascript">

$(document).ready(function () {




Tuesday, September 13, 2016

PowerShell Script Analyzer

"PSScriptAnalyzer is a static code checker for Windows PowerShell modules and scripts. PSScriptAnalyzer checks the quality of Windows PowerShell code by running a set of rules. The rules are based on PowerShell best practices identified by PowerShell Team and the community. It generates DiagnosticResults (errors and warnings) to inform users about potential code defects and suggests possible solutions for improvements."
Ref: https://github.com/PowerShell/PSScriptAnalyzer

Lets put this to the test. I have written following basic PowerShell Script in Visual Studio Code (because it is an awesome tool and it has a PowerShell extension that give you features like IntelliSense, Goto definition, Debugging etc) and will be running the Script Analyzer on the script file. In this script I am calling a function that will display a string stored in a variable.

Open the Windows PowerShell Console and lets install the PSScriptAnalyzer module (This module is available in v 5.0 and above by default):
Install-Module -Name PSScriptAnalyzer -Force

Verify if the commands are available for this module:
Get-Command -Module PSScriptAnalyzer

Run the Script Analyzer on our test script:
Invoke-ScriptAnalyzer -Path C:\Users\user1\Desktop\Test.ps1

Now the ScriptAnalyzer is showing me one warning in my most simplest script that Write-Host (which I have been using my whole life) is obsolete and use Write-Output instead.....which is awesome :o). And that's how easily we can do static analysis based on the built-in rules on our PowerSell scripts.

To get the complete list of  rules, use the following command:

Sunday, June 12, 2016

SharePoint DSC

SharePoint DesierState Configuration has Ben released.

Url: https://github.com/PowerShell/SharePointDsc

While in pre-release mode it was called xSharePoint.

Thursday, March 10, 2016

SharePoint Online - JavaScript Injection with PowerShell

Updating the Master Page for SharePoint Online is not recommended by Microsoft now.....fine. So how do we change the UI then? And the answer is...by injecting JavaScript and CSS.

You might want to watch this video of JavaScript injection which we will not follow here as injecting JavaScript and/or CSS through Visual Studio takes little bit of time as shown in the above video so I am putting pieces together to inject JavaScript using PowerShell very very...very quickly. Thank you Office Dev PnP's Erwin van Hunen.

Note: We are not going to use SharePoint Online Management Shell ;o) instead we will use Windows PowerShell.
  1. Install PnP PowerShell Cmdlets for SharePoint Online
    Url: https://github.com/officedev/pnp-powershell/releases
  2. Perform a quick test: Run the command below in Windows PowerShell to see if it is available
     Get-Command Add-SPOJavaScriptBlock
  3. Connect to the site where you want to push JavaScript code:
    Connect-SPOnline https://tenant.sharepoint.com/sites/portal
  4. Push the JavaScript code.
    Add-SPOJavaScriptBlock -Name MyScript -Script "alert('Hello World');"
    Add-SPOJavaScriptLink -Name JQuery -Url https://code.jquery.com/jquery.min.js
  5. You are done. Now browse the site and you will get the annoying Hello World alert on all the pages.
Here is the complete script:
# This is a sample script and is provided as is.
# Author: Tahir Naveed
# Description: This script connects to a SPO site and 
# injects a JavaScript code block which will execute on all of the pages.

$url = "https://tenant.sharepoint.com/sites/portal"
$ScriptName = "MyScript"
$scriptBlock = "alert('Hello World');"

    #Connect to the SPO site
    Connect-SPOnline $url
    #Remove script if added before
    Remove-SPOJavaScriptLink -Name $ScriptName

    #Add the script
    Add-SPOJavaScriptBlock -Name $ScriptName -Script $scriptBlock

    Write-Host "$_.Exception.Message"

Write-Host "Completed successfully." -ForegroundColor Green
Ref: Introduction to PnP PowerShell Cmdlets
Ref: OfficeDev/PnP-PowerShell Reference

Thursday, March 3, 2016

SharePoint - Export/Import Subsite


Lets suppose we have two SharePoint 2013 site collections and we want to export a sub-site from one site collection to another using PowerShell, then below is the answer.

Source: http://domain.com/sites/Site1/SubsiteA
Destination: http://domain.com/sites/Site2/SubsiteA 

Export: Export-SPWeb "http://domain.com/sites/Site1/SubsiteA" -Path "C:\Temp\Export.cmp"
Import: Import-SPWeb "http://domain.com/sites/Site2/SubsiteA" -Path "C:\Temp\Export.cmp"

Note: All the list, libraries, documents etc will get exported except for the workflows.

Ref: https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ff607895.aspx
Ref: https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ff607613.aspx
Ref: https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ee663490.aspx

Wednesday, February 10, 2016

SharePoint - PowerApps (Mobile Apps)

So I can create mobile apps for Office365 without writing any code using Microsoft Power Apps......This is Awesome.

URL: https://powerapps.microsoft.com/en-us/tutorials/get-started-test-drive/#save-and-share-your-app

Official SharePoint Documentation

I have recently contributed to the official SharePoint documentation for developement. Check it out here: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us...